On last November 22nd the international year of family farming (YFF) was launched and EU Commissioner for agriculture Dacian Ciolos organized an international conference on November 29th in Brussels. At the same time, Commissioner for external trade Karel de Gucht was packing up for the WTO ministerial conference in Bali. Family farming was not on the agenda over there, but exports, imports, market access,….. To bring then family farming to light during one year, is that all put on or a true opportunity ?
The current rules of international agricultural trade and agricultural policies contribute to the disappearance of family farming.
In April 2014, the signing of the GATT Marrakech Agreement, which has defined the current international trade rules and created the WTO, will be 20 years. This agreement has determined agricultural policies and made with import/export their priority, at the expense of local /regional trade and family farming. Between 2003 and 2010, the EU has lost 20% of its farms (3,000,000), mostly family farms1.
Would a transatlantic ‘partnership’ agreements favour family farming ?
The EU and USA have entered into the negotiation of a transatlantic trade agreement . Does the European Union think this agreement would bring the U.S. agriculture into a family farming model? Or do we fear just the opposite? To accept washing chickens with chlorine to kill bacteria developed in factory farms is bads new for family farming …….
The International Year of Family Farming (YFF) will be just all put on
• If trade agreements that kill family farming continue to be negotiated.
• if the year of family farms does not question the industrialization of agricultural production, which ruins family farming. In this respect, the CAP reform the EU just adopted will not hinder the development of large factory farms for pigs, chickens, eggs, milk, as well as huge industrialized vegetable greenhouses.
• If family farms remain open to the exploitation of the family by the upstream/downstream industries and banks.
But the year of family farms is also a true opportunity for:
• highlighting the real costs – now outsourced – of industrialized agriculture.
- highlighting the positive multifunctionnality of sustainable family farming , that provides food , jobs , landscapes and takes care of environment.
- challenging the existing rules of international agricultural trade, and recognize , in the words of India, that the green box of WTO is first a whitewashing of dumping , which contributes to the destruction of family farming here and in third countries.
- putting the institutions facing their responsibilities : do you really want to make family farming the heart of food security? Well, bravo, then change the rules , change the current agricultural and trade policies. Alternatives do exist.
- stopping land grabbing, which undermines family farming, by companies and banks in Central Europe and in the Southern countries. In Europe, a significant capping of CAP direct payments, refused in the last reform, would help.
The decision of the international institutions to make 2014 the year of family farming looks like a challenge to themselves and to the public. Indeed the gap is increasing between the awareness of public opinion – and also the institutions- about the necessary paradigm shift and the policies implemented, still locked in an out of date ideological framework of previous century.
The international IAASTD2 report and several FAO reports have shown that food security will be better served by sustainable family farming. Facing economic and financial power, for which family farming can only be measured in terms of (international) competitiveness, for which medium and long term don’t exist, but yet still imposes its views to elected policy makers, the citizens and the institutions which represent them have a word in the matter.
Agriculture will be a sustainable family farming or will be just an industry, integrated in the upstream and downstream sectors, exploiting a workforce which has lost autonomy and farmer’s know-how.
If the year of family farming does not initiate a change of priorities in agricultural and trade policies, the announced end of sustainable family farmers will be more likely than the end of hunger.
(translated from French)
Gérard Choplin, December 2013.
Gérard Choplin was part of ECVC team till October 2013. He works now on agriculture policies, international trade, food sovereignty, food security as freelance.
skype: gchoplin, mobile: + 32 (0)473257378